The Environment Research and Technology Development Fund (ERTDF), the
Ministry of the Environment, Japan

Theme 3. Research on an International Framework and Co-benefits Approach to Promote Air Pollution Control in East Asia (FY2009-2013)

Theme Leader: Katsunori SUZUKI
                Professor, Kanazawa University

1. Introduction

   Environmental pollution, especially air pollution was an emerging problem in East Asia since late 1980s and now becoming more serious in 2000s. Recent events of serious dust and sand storms, high concentrations of ozone suggest that an effective cooperative regional framework is urgently needed for East Asia. One of the key features in this region is that traditional local air pollution, transboundary air pollution such as ozone and acid deposition, global problems such as climate change are simultaneously going on. Countries in this region have to address all these challenges at once. There is lack of inter-linkage between different air pollution problems, and accordingly comprehensive, integrated atmospheric management is still to be seen in this region.
There have been some initiatives to tackle transboundary air pollution problems in Asia and other parts of the region. Such initiatives include the Convention on Long-range Transport of Air Pollution (LRTAP Convention) and its control protocols for Europe and North America, the Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET), ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution, Transboundary Air Pollution Management Initiative by Male Declaration for South Asia etc. Considering such initiatives, this research will develop a proposal for a new, more effective framework for regional cooperation and a future emission reduction strategy. A recently introduced co-benefits approach seems to be a promising element to promote such a strategy.

2. Research Objective
  This research aims:
- To develop a proposal for policy makers on a possible regional cooperation framework for comprehensive atmospheric management in East Asia and to identify major factors and possible processes for consensus building:
- To identify major factors towards concrete emission reduction strategy for East Asia, triggers to start such negotiations and possible negotiation processes for consensus building; and
- To analyze costs of major damages by air pollution and prevention measures and develop more convincing tools for policy makers to take actions based on scientific evidence.

3. Composition of this theme (theme 3)

(1)Research to Promote Consensus Building Processes for a Regional Framework on Atmospheric
Environmental Management in East Asia, Considering Experiences of Existing Networks (2)Comprehensive Analysis of Positive and Negative Domestic Factors in Major Related Countries Affecting the Promotion of International Negotiations
(3)Research on Science-policy Interaction in the Atmospheric Environmental Management in East Asia
(4)Research on Major International Political and Economic Factors Affecting Atmospheric Environmental Governance in East Asia
(5)Analysis of Co-benefits of Integrated Policies to Mitigate both Climate Change and Local Air Pollution
(6)Evaluation of Co-benefits for Ozone and Black Carbon Reduction and Global Warming Mitigation Measures


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